Vehicle siren colours


Ambulance (including lone paramedics on equipped motorcycles and organ transportation)
Fire service
Mountain or cave rescue
Bomb disposal (military or civilian)


Doctor (any vehicle used by a medical practitioner registered by the General Medical Council whether with full, provisional or limited registration)


Statutory immobilisation or removal vehicle
Breakdown vehicle
Road clearance or maintenance vehicle (including maintenance of any apparatus in, on, under or over a road)
Refuse collection vehicle
Vehicles with a maximum speed of less than 25mph (including its trailer)
Vehicles with an overall width exceeding 2.9 metres
Escort vehicle when used below 25mph
HMRC fuel testing vehicle
Surveying vehicle

Pedestrian crossings

1. Zebra crossing

2. Pelican crossing – means Pedestrian Light Controlled Crossing

3. Puffin crossing – means Pedestrian User-Friendly Intelligent crossings

4. Toucan crossing – means Two-Can Cross

5. Equestrian crossing – also known as Pegasus crossing

Traffic light UK signals flow

1. Red. Stop
Wait behind the stop line of carriageway

2. Red & Amber. Prepare to go
Get ready to go but do not pass through or start until the Green shows

3. Green. Go
You can go if the way is clear. Take care if there are pedestrians, especially if you intend to turn left or right

4. Amber. Stop if safe
You may continue going only if pull up might cause an accident or Amber appeared after you crossed the stop line

5. Red. Stop
See number 1

What is the minimum age for someone to supervise a person who is learning to drive?

The supervisor must be at least 21 years old and must have held his or her own full licence in the EU for three years.

When turn on hazard light

When should hazard lights be activated while you are driving? – On motorway or dual carriageway to warn motorists behind you of hazards ahead.

Explanation: On a motorway or dual carriageway, if you see a hazard ahead, you can use your hazard lights to alert motorists behind you to the hazard. They will be able to prepare for the hazard ahead.

Wet road emergency stop rule

While travelling on a wet road, you need to make an emergency stop. What should you do? – Keep both hands on a steering wheel.

Explanation: On a wet road, your vehicle may be more difficult to control in an emergency stop. Hence, you should keep both hands on the steering wheel so you can control the car effectively.

Water effect to brakes

After travelling through deep water that has gathered on a road surface, you should – reduce your speed and apply little pressure to your brakes simultaneously.

Explanation: Water can decrease the effectiveness of your brakes. To clear the water and dry the brakes, apply the brakes very gently while driving.

Traffic light :: Yellow light rule

When an amber light is lit (is on) alone, it means that the traffic light is about to change to red. However, when both red and amber are lit, it means that the light will shortly change to green.

Hump on the road или лежачий полицейский

Motorway studs (also called cat’s eyes)

Red stud – edge of the road
Green stud – mark the area when slip road merges the carriageway or motorway.
White stud – separates lanes in the middle of the road
Amber stud – central reservation of carriageway of motorway
Greenish/yellow studs – temporary adjustments to lane layouts, e.g. where road works are taking place